The Knowledge Is Power Program (KIPP) is the largest network of public charter schools in the U.S., serving more than 100,000 students across a network of more than 240 schools. KIPP schools predominantly educate low-income students from underserved communities, with the goal of closing achievement gaps and preparing students to succeed in college.
In this Mathematica report, Thomas Coen and colleagues present the results of a long-term tracking study that follows 1,177 students who applied to enter 1 of 13 oversubscribed KIPP middle schools through a 5th or 6th grade admissions lottery ten years ago.
The study found that students who won a place at a KIPP middle school through the admission lottery were six percentage points more likely to enroll in a four-year college program within two years of finishing high school than students who lost the lottery.After adjusting for which students actually attended a KIPP school after receiving an offer (only 68% of the lottery recipients actually attended a KIPP school), the impact estimate increased to 12.9 percentage points.
The study also tracked the students who enrolled in college immediately after high school, and examined whether they remained in college programs over the next two years. Students who attended KIPP middle schools were more likely to still be enrolled in college after two years (33%) than similar students who did not attend KIPP middle schools (24%). However, although rates of entering college immediately and then continuing for two years were higher for KIPP students, this difference was not large enough to be statistically significant.